torture by organizing secret schools, holding secret ceremonies, and by praying. This type of unarmed resistance is known as
____resistance. (Fill in the blank)
Non-violent resistance is a moral philosophy or strategy of action based on the principle of refusing to use physical force to bring about social, economic, or political change. Non-violent resistance is an alternative to subjugation and the use of armed force, and its means include symbolic protests, denials of economic or political cooperation, or boycotts, and civil disobedience. It is often based on ethical and ideological reasons, but it is also justified on efficiency grounds.