Mesopotamian civilizations formed on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq and Kuwait.
Early civilizations began to form around the time of the Neolithic Revolution—12000 BCE.
Some of the major Mesopotamian civilizations include the Sumerian, Assyrian, Akkadian, and Babylonian civilizations.
Evidence shows extensive use of technology, literature, legal codes, philosophy, religion, and architecture in these societies.
Tigris and Euphrates rivers are in Southwest Asia
- they start in mountains of todayʼs Turkey, Kurdistan
- fl ow southeast through todayʼs Iraq to Persian Gulf
• Region is called Mesopotamia, “land between the rivers”
• Rivers provide water and a means for travel
- area had few roads, so boats carried heavy loads on river currents
The Mesopotamians, like all ancient humans
(or at least the ones who have left us written records), sought to anchor their most cherished
values in the realm of the immutable (Irani 1995: 2). Regarding the question, “Where do justice
and the law come from?” ancient Mesopotamians did not rely on what we would call “secular”
explanations or justifications based on “natural law” or “human rights,” all of which are
innovations of the post-Enlightenment world. Likewise, equating the search for justice with
essentially “religious” goals as opposed to other categories (political, economic, etc.) proves
inadequate since our modern notions of personal “spirituality” are incompatible with the ancient
cultural-religious milieu. Worshipping the deities
Explanation: These are what i found would you like some sources?