The rise of fascism also became apparent in Latin American countries in the 1930s due to the Great Depression. Fascist governments were the result of a desire for nationalism, which rulers like Getúlio Vargas of Brazil played on through propaganda.
An increasing sense of national identity, leading to the rise of fascism.
The Great Depression forced many Latin American governments and economic élites to make tough decisions in exchange-rate, monetary and fiscal policies. These choices marked a stark departure from the model that had prevailed in the region for nearly a century.