1
How many grams are in 2.3 x 1024 formula units of KNO3?

1 Answer

2

Answer:

390 g KNO₃

General Formulas and Concepts:

Chemistry

Atomic Structure

  • Reading a Periodic Table
  • Using Dimensional Analysis
  • Avogadro's Number - 6.022 × 10²³ atoms, molecules, formula units, etc.

Math

Pre-Algebra

Order of Operations: BPEMDAS

  1. Brackets
  2. Parenthesis
  3. Exponents
  4. Multiplication
  5. Division
  6. Addition
  7. Subtraction
  • Left to Right

Explanation:

Step 1: Define

2.3 × 10²⁴ formula units KNO₃

Step 2: Identify Conversions

Avogadro's Number

Molar Mass of K - 39.10 g/mol

Molar Mass of N - 14.01 g/mol

Molar Mass of O - 16.00 g.mol

Molar Mass of KNO₃ - 39.10 + 14.01 + 3(16.00) = 101.11 g/mol

Step 3: Convert

2.3 \cdot 10^{24} \ formula \ units \ KNO_3(\frac{1 \ mol \ KNO_3}{6.022 \cdot 10^{23} \ formula \ units \ KNO_3} )(\frac{101.11 \ g \ KNO_3}{1 \ mol \ KNO_3} ) = 386.172 g KNO₃

Step 4: Check

We are given 2 sig figs. Follow sig fig rules and round.

386.172 g KNO₃ ≈ 390 g KNO₃

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Dr. Melody Schuppe
15.5k 3 10 26
answered 1 year ago